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Year 6 - World War ll: 1930s: build up to war

Causes of World War 2

World War 2 was a deadly fight that involved many countries around the world. It began in September 1939 when Great Britain and France declared war on Germany. Although the outbreak of war was triggered by the invasion, the causes of the war are a lot more complex. In many ways, it can be said that World War 2 was a result of the turmoil and trouble left behind by World War 1. (BBC) 

 

 

 

 

The Great Depression 1930s - Germany starved

European leaders' responses to Germany expansion policy 1938

At the end of World War 1, many European countries like Britain and France wanted to keep the peace in Europe to avoid another World War. When countries such as Italy and Germany became aggressive and began to take over their neighbors and build up their armies, Britain and France hoped to keep peace through "appeasement."

This meant that they tried to make Nazi Germany and Hitler happy and did not interfere. They hoped that by meeting his demands he would be satisfied and there wouldn't be any war. 


Unfortunately, the policy of appeasement backfired. It only made Hitler and the Nazis bolder and stronger. Appeasement gave Nazi Germany time to build an extremely powerful army. 

For more information check out these letters from the British National Archives requesting Appeasement.

(Ducksters)

Simplified history of Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Versailles was signed between the Allied Powers and Germany in June, 1919. This officially ended World War I. The treaty was extremely harsh on Germany. It forced Germany to accept the responsibility for causing all the loss and damage of the war. Germany was forced to disarm, give up land to France, and to pay reparations of 132 billion Marks (around $442 billion in today's money).

Ducksters

 

 

 

Rise of Facism in Germany 1930s


In the political system called fascism, the state is considered to be more important than individual citizens. Fascists believe that it is the responsibility of all individuals to work to improve the state. Fascist governments are led by a dictator with supreme power who uses police and military powers to enforce policies. Generally, fascists oppose both democracy and Communism.

(Britannica) 

Fascism..

  • Glorifies the state
  • Has one leader and one party
  • All aspects of the country and controlled by the government
  • No opposition or protests are tolerated
  • Propaganda and Censorship are widely practiced

 

With the economic turmoil left behind by World War 1, some countries were taken over by dictators who formed powerful fascist governments. The first fascist government was Spain which was ruled by the dictator Franco. Then Mussolini took control of Italy. These dictators wanted to expand their empires and began to look for new lands to conquer. Italy invaded and took over Ethiopia in 1935. Adolf Hitler would emulate Mussolini in his take over of Germany. 

 

Timeline League of Nations formed after Treaty of Versailles

Manchuria Crisis: Japan leaves the League of Nations!

Japanese Expansion

Japan's Territorial Expansion 1931-1942

 

Before World War 2, Japan was growing massively as an empire. However, they did have enough land and natural resources to sustain and continue this expansion. This lead to Japan using brutal force to invade many parts of South-East and East Asia.

Click HERE to read more on the Japanese Expansion 

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