Picasso was already the most famous artist in the world when the Spanish Civil War broke out (1936-1939). He managed to hide his art from the invading army and painted many paintings in protest. He hated the fighting in Spain. This was the last painting he made during the war - Weeping Woman. Click here for more information from the Tate Gallery.
During the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) between 500,000 to 1,000 000 people died. Many beautiful old buildings were bombed and destroyed. This angered Picasso, he painted Guernica (named after a town in Spain) to show how much loss and suffering his people were facing. He displayed it in the 1937 Paris World's Fair. It was enormous (3.5 x 8 metres)! Click here to find out more about Picasso's Guernica.