Religion can be explained as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs. BBC webpage on religion.
Find out more from the link below about Atheism, Sikhism, Shinto, Taoism and more....
Key words - theism, monotheism, polytheism, pantheism, atheism, religious pluralism, agnosticism, humanism
Religious communities and methods of sharing knowledge - In what ways does personal knowledge interact with shared knowledge in religion?
The same religion may be interpreted and applied differently in different parts of the world as it overlaps and is integrated with the culture of the region, with all of its particular traditions, history, and economic and political attitudes and interests...
Knowledge claims - Metaphysical, value judgements, concepts and language definitions, observational claims, predictions
Methods of justification:faith - In religion, the justifications cannot be demonstrated in a way to convince everyone, using material evidence accessible to the sen ses, or reasoning from universally agreed premises.
Religious perspectives - When we consider the range of beliefs and variety of their cultural contexts, we are clearly in a world where passing events are viewed and thought about in a diversity of different ways.
Miracles - A miracle can be defined as an extraordinary event which is brought about by God's intervention in the natural order of things(Lagemaat, 2009)
According to the "God of the Philosophers", God is the eternal, all-powerful, (omnipotent), all-knowing (omniscient), all-loving (omniamorous) creator of the universe.
The philosopher David Hume denied the existence of miracles and argued that it is never rational to believe in them because the weight of evidence must always be against them
Argument from design - according to this, the order and harmony of the universe could not have come about by chance, but must have been made by an intelligent creator.
The cosmological argument for the existence of God is based not on the order of the universe but on the fact that it exists at all.
Sense perception is the process by which we can gain knowledge about the outside world. Traditionally, there were believed to be five senses: sight, touch, smell, taste and hearing. However, many now argue that there are others such as a sense of heat, sense of pain, sense of movement, sense of balance and the senses of hunger and thirst, or a sense of where our body parts are.
Historically, the view that the senses provide the basis for all our knowledge was challenged by the idea that prior concepts might be needed before any perception takes place at all. Indeed, it is common now to view sense perception as an active process of interpreting the world according to prior expectations, conceptual frameworks and theories. There is, therefore, some disagreement as to whether we directly perceive the world as it is, or whether perception is an active process where we supply much of the content of our experiences ourselves.
"Our senses are an important source of knowledge about the world; but rather than passively reflect reality, they actively structure it."
"Perception consists of two elements, sensation and interpretation, but we are often not consciously aware of the latter element."
"There are three main theories about the relationship between perception and reality:common-sense realism, scientific realism and phenomenalism."
?? How should we respond to natural explanations for alleged religious phenomena?
?? To what extent do natural disasters bring out the best in people, and to what extent do they bring out the worst in people?
?? What is faith? Is faith rational ?
?? How is the faith of a scientist similar to the faith of a religious believer? How is it different ?
?? What reasons, if any, are there for believing that some religions are superior to others?
?? Is it possible to know God?
?? Where do religious beliefs come from?
?? Are religious beliefs rational?
?? How do we decide between the competing claims of different religious knowledge systems?
'There is only one religion, though there are a hundred versions of it' George Bernard Shaw
''I believe in God, only I spell it Nature' Frank Lloyd Wright
'Men never do evil so completely and cheerfully as when they do it from religious conviction' William Blake
'Things do not seem the same to those who love and those who hate, nor to those who are angry and those who are calm.' Aristotle
'Where knowledge ends, religion begins' Benjamin Disraeli
'Men never do evil so completely and cheerfully as when they do it from religious conviction' Blaise Pascal