Eyewitness testimony: memory on trial - Eyewitness accounts have long been considered to provide convincing evidence for reaching conclusions in everyday conversations, media reports, social research, and courts of law.
Memory and intuition: some common biases - We tend to retrieve our memories in a very anecdotal way
The role of forgetting - The same memory decay that contributes to making us unreliable eyewitnesses in a court case also appears to contribute to our being able to manage our lives.
The suggestibility of memory - In Elizabeth Loftus's research on "recovered memory", she discovered how easily memories can be created
Memory, sense perception and emotion : trauma - In some contexts, it seems clear that the emotional impact of direct experience can affect not only the content of memory but also the way memory processes the past.
Collective memory and history - The collective memory, passed on through language, influences a sense of collective identity.
Shared memory and knowledge - It could be argued that, every area of knowledge is largely knowledge of the past - accumulated and passed down over millennia.
Personal testimony and the shared record - The collective story of a social upheaval is probably more factually reliable, with accumulation of evidence, than one individual's story.
Memory allows us to build our knowledge as we learn from past experience, storing our skills in our procedural memory and our experiences and information in our declarative memory.
Memory allows us to create our identities, understand increasingly our place with other people in a society, and gain a sense of community in our lives.
?? How do we know through memory?
?? To what extent is "memory" the content of what we recall, and to what extent the process of recollection ?
?? Memory and intuition: some common biases
?? What factors can make memories doubtful?
?? To what extent can history be called the "collective memory of the past"?
?? Are remembrances of the past relevant only to our understanding of the past?
?? What are the dangers to knowledge of over-emphasizing the reliability of memory?
'Memory is deceptive because it is coloured by today’s events' Albert Einstein
'Memory is man’s greatest friend and worst enemy' Gilbert Parker
'It’s surprising how much memory is built around things unnoticed at the time.' Barbara Kingsolver
'No memory is ever alone; it’s at the end of a trail of memories, a dozen trails that each have their own associations.' Louis L'Amour
'We can invent only with memory' Alphonse Karr
'Language is memory and metaphor'. Storm Jameson
Summary from a new study by researchers at University of Basel,
" In order to function properly, the human brain requires the ability not only to store but also to forget: Through memory loss, unnecessary information is deleted and the nervous system retains its plasticity. A disruption of this process can lead to serious mental disorders. Scientists have now discovered a molecular mechanism that actively regulates the process of forgetting."