bias, cubist history, economic determinism, empathy, hindsight bias, self-realising expectations, great person theory of history
'The concept of history plays a fundamental role in human thought. It invokes notions of human agency, change, the role of material circumstances in human affairs, and the putative meaning of historical events' - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
'History gives a sense of identity, is a defence against propaganda, enriches our understanding of human nature' (Lagemaat, 2009)
What is history? - A study of the past. We can know the past only to the extent we have evidence for it, history is more a study of the past as of the present traces of the past. History is a record of significant events in the past.
History gives a sense of identity, is a defence against propaganda, enriches our understanding of human nature
How can we know about the past? What are the methods of history? What counts as historical evidence ? What is the role of the historian?
History and personal knowledge - The past is gone, but its effects live on in the present in both the finest of our achievements and the worst of our conflicts
Historians, perspectives and historical fact - Historians approach their study from different perspectives depending on their personal backgrounds, the contexts in which they live and work, and the theoretical emphases within their professional training
Perspectives and post modern thought - In successive historical periods in thought, or with successive theories, different dominant ideas are contributed to academic and public discussion
Developments of history : perspectives on patterns - As they research and write, historians are working within concepts of larger patterns of time and history.
Theories of History - The 'great person' theory of history - holds that the course of history is mainly determined by great individuals. Economic determinism - According to Marx, it is not great individuals but rather technological and economic factors that are the engines of historical change.
'It is surprising that history should be so dull considering so much of it is invented.' Jane Austen
'History is but the register of human crimes and misfortunes' Voltaire
'The history of the world is but the biography of great men' Thomas Carlyle
'History will be kind to me, for I intend to write it.' Winston Churchill
'Historians are dangerous people. They are capable of upsetting everything' Nikita Khrushchev
'What is history but a fable agreed upon?' Napoleon Bonaparte
'Anybody can make history. Only a great man can write it ' Oscar Wilde
'A page of history is worth a volume of logic' Oliver Wendell Holmes
?? Is it possible for historical writing to be free from perspective?
?? What is a fact in history?
?? How can historical accounts be assessed?
?? How can one gauge the extent to which a history is told from a particular cultural or national perspective?
?? To what extent do you think that people learn from their mistakes, and to what extent do you think they keep making the same mistakes?
?? If you keep a diary, what determines what you choose to include and what you choose to omit?
?? What is the relation between the style of language used and the history written?
?? What distinguishes a better historical account from a worse one?
?? How do we decide which events are historically significant?