The main characters in Virgil's Aeneid
Aeneas (uh-nee-us) Romans regarded Aeneas as the ancestor of Augustus — the emperor for whom Virgil wrote the Aeneid — and of the entire Roman state, since Romulus and Remus, Rome's legendary cofounders, were believed to be descended from the race of kings established by Silvius, Aeneas's son by his second wife, Lavinia
Dido (dy-doh) Unlike most female characters in the Aeneid, Dido is a strong woman who possesses heroic dimensions and a will of her own.
Juno (jyoo-noh) The queen of the gods and Jupiter's wife. As the Trojans's most powerful opponent, Juno strives to frustrate and delay the fulfillment of their destined mission to create a new home in Italy.
Anna (ahn-nuh) The warmhearted and impulsive sister of Carthage's Queen Dido, Anna has little importance as a character in her own right, but with her unwise counsel she initiates a series of actions and events that have overwhelmingly important consequences.
[source : Cliffnotes.com]
FULL TITLE · The Aeneid
AUTHOR · Virgil
TYPE OF WORK · Epic poem
GENRE · Heroic epic; mythological story
LANGUAGE · Latin
TIME AND PLACE WRITTEN · Around 20 B.C., probably in Rome and in the north of Italy, and perhaps in Greece
DATE OF FIRST PUBLICATION · Virgil died in 19 B.C., before he finished revising the Aeneid; it was published after his death.
NARRATOR · The poet Virgil, although Aeneas himself assumes the narration in Books II and III, when he gives a retrospective account of his adventures
Impressed by Aeneas’s exploits and sympathetic to his suffering, Dido, a Phoenician princess who fled her home and founded Carthage after her brother murdered her husband, falls in love with Aeneas. They live together as lovers for a period, until the gods remind Aeneas of his duty to found a new city. He determines to set sail once again. Dido is devastated by his departure, and kills herself by ordering a huge pyre to be built with Aeneas’s castaway possessions, climbing upon it, and stabbing herself with the sword Aeneas leaves behind. [source:sparknotes]
Book 1 - The Trojans land near Carthage
Book 2 - Recounting the fall of Troy
Book 3 - The wanderings of Aeneas
Read the contents of the above books and the others from this summary
Latin epic poem written from about 30 to 19 by the Roman poet . Composed in , about 60 lines of which were left unfinished at his death, the Aeneid incorporates the various legends of and makes him the founder of Roman greatness. The work is organized into 12 books that relate the story of the legendary founding of (parent town of and of ). The town is founded by , who was informed as he left the burning ruins of that it was his fate to found a new city with a glorious destiny in the West. [source : Encyclopedia Britannica],
source : Tate Museum (fullsize image can be viewed on Tate website)
"Arms, and the man I sing, who, forc'd by fate,
And haughty Juno's unrelenting hate,
Expell'd and exil'd, left the Trojan shore.
Long labors, both by sea and land, he bore,"
excerpt from the Gutenberg HTML content
" But anxious cares already seiz'd the queen:
She fed within her veins a flame unseen;
The hero's valor, acts, and birth inspire
Her soul with love, and fan the secret fire.
His words, his looks, imprinted in her heart,
Improve the passion, and increase the smart. "
from the The Aeneid by Virgil
Image Source : UNESCO world heritage sites
Ancient Troy commanded a strategic point at the southern entrance to the (Hellespont), a narrow strait linking the with the via the Sea of Marmara. The city also commanded a land route that ran north along the west Anatolian coast and crossed the narrowest point of the to the European shore.