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Adolf Hitler was leader of Germany during the Third Reich (1933 – 1945) and the primary instigator of both the Second World War in Europe and the mass execution of millions of people deemed to be "enemies" or inferior to the Aryan ideal. He rose from being a talentless painter to dictator of Germany and, for a few months, emperor of much of Europe, before the constant gambling approach which had led him that far now brought only disaster. His empire was crushed by an array of the world's strongest nations, and he killed himself, having killed
Adolf Hitler fought in the German army during World War One. He was badly wounded twice and won two Iron Crosses for bravery. Germany’s surrender in November 1918 was a shock to him and had a profound effect on his political views. Like many other German people at the time, he felt they had been ‘stabbed in the back’ by politicians. With World War One over, Hitler returned to Munich and set on a path that eventually led him to become the leader of the Nazi party.
In November 1923, Hitler tried to take advantage of the crisis facing the Weimar government by instigating a revolution in Munich. It seemed like the perfect opportunity, but poor planning and misjudgement resulted in failure and the subsequent imprisonment of Adolf Hitler.
Hitler was released from jail after the Munich Putsch in December 1924. He committed the Nazis to democratic politics – taking part in elections – and began to reorganise the party, strengthening his authority as leader and beginning to build a national party structure.