source : Global issues
Countries in the early stage of development usually have a high percentage of the population in primary employment. This is because most people are engaged in agricultural activities.
As a country begins to develop an industrial base there is an increase in the secondary sector. An increase in machinery on farms means fewer people are needed. People tend to migrate to urban areas to get jobs in factories.
When a country becomes more economically developed there is a greater demand for services such as education, health care and tourism. Therefore the tertiary sector undergoes growth. By this time computers, machinery and robots replace people in the secondary sector hence the decrease in secondary jobs.
New Zealand is one of the world’s most efficient agricultural economies, with a reputation for producing internationally significant research, agriculture practices and products.
New Zealand has a temperate climate and fertile soil, making the country ideal for agricultural production. Together with its support and processing components, the agriculture industry regularly contributes almost a quarter of New Zealand’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
In wet rice agriculture, seeds are sown in small seedbeds; the seedlings are then transplanted one by one to prepared paddy fields. While the plants are maturing, they must be kept irrigated, but as the rice ripens the fields are drained. The rice is then harvested and threshed by hand. Wet rice agriculture is labor-intensive, meaning that many people are required to do the job (source)
Business or Pleasure
Pleasure: need for change, see something new
* Culture (ethnic)
* History, heritage
* Nature-based (eco-) tourism
* Farm-based, rural tourism
* Personal development, health
* Visit friends, family
* Social status (to brag!)