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Year 8 - Expressionism: Other Expressionists

Last updated October 2018.

Expressionist artists

There were two main groups of German Expressionist artists that rose to prominence. One was Die Brücke ("the bridge"), led by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. The other was called Der Blaue Reiter ("the Blue Rider"), led by Vassily Kandinsky. Although both movements did express differing visions, they both displayed the many characteristics of German Expressionism

Die neue Sachlichkeit

Die Neue Sachlichkeit (1920s) (New Objectivity)
Centred on Berlin, this group explored a new form of realism with a socialist flavour. Vividly satirical in its portrayal of corruption in wartime and postwar Weimar Germany, its leading members includedGeorge Grosz (1893–1959)Otto Dix (1891-1969), Max Beckmann (1884-1950), and Christian Schad (1894-1982).

Der blaue Reiter

Der Blaue Reiter (The blue rider), had different qualities with the other group. This group was known for having rich values, sensitive strokes, and subtlety. Many of the well-known artists from this group focused on abstraction, romantic imagery, and spritual subject

Der blaue Reiter

Name: German for "The Blue Rider." Term first used by Russian artist Wassily Kandinsky as a title for a 1903 painting.

Who: Lyonel Feininger, Alexey von Jawlensky, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Franz Marc.

When: 1911-1914.

Where: Munich, Germany.

What: Kandinsky and other artists adopted the name Der Blaue Reiter for their new group and almanac, which they published from 1912-1914. Second group of German Expressionist painters, although this group was more international than Die Brücke. Three main approaches by these artists: spiritual, expressionistic and abstract. They wanted their work to embody spiritual concerns, which they thought had been neglected by the Impressionists.

Subject Matter: Portraits, landscapes, and animals, as well as non-objective scenes.

Style: Extremely varied among the members: vibrant color, representational, abstract, and non-objective.

Influenced by: Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Expressionism.

Will influence: Orphism and Futurism.