Baroque music expresses order, the fundamental order of the universe.
long flowing melodic lines often using ornamentation (decorative notes such as trills and turns)
contrast between loud and soft, solo and ensemble
a contrapuntal texture where two or more melodic lines are combined
terraced dynamics - sudden changes in the volume level, sometimes creating an echo effect
(source : BBC GCSE bitesize)
It was during the 17th Century that the system of modes finally crumbled away. By adding accidentals the Major/Minor key system developed. The 17th Century also saw the invention of several new forms and designs, such as:
Image source : Pixabay
Baroque Art - Francesco Solimena - the Royal Hunt of Dido and Aeneas
Source : Wikimedia commons
The idea of opera was fairly slow to catch on in England but one composer, Purcell, produced an excellent example, ‘Dido and Aeneas’. This composition contained all the ingredients which were to become standard over the coming centuries.