Much of the social life of Western Europe in the 18th century depended on the products of slave labour. In homes and coffee houses, people met over coffee, chocolate or tea, sweetened with Caribbean sugar. They wore clothes made from American cotton and smoked pipes filled with Virginian tobacco. They used furniture made from mahogany and other tropical woods.
"So you're the little woman who wrote the book that made this great war."
This was Abraham Lincoln's reported greeting to HARRIET BEECHER STOWE when he met her ten years after her book UNCLE TOM'S CABIN was published.
Somaly Mam is a global leader who has pioneered the movement against modern slavery for nearly two decades. Through her work as a tireless advocate and human rights leader, Somaly Mam has made it her life’s mission to eradicate slavery and empower its survivors as part of the solution. This article is part of a series of op-eds from key speakers and delegates participating in this year’s Social Innovation Summit.
Access the article here, you can also read a biography available in the Adult Biography section of the Senior Library
HOW DOES SLAVERY OCCUR IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN?
There is evidence of slavery in different stages of the supply chain from the production of raw materials, for example cocoa and cotton farming, to manufacturing goods such as hand-knotted rugs and even at the final stage, when the product reaches the market.
HOW DOES THE SUPPLY CHAIN WORK?
Typically the final product you purchase has passed through a long chain of producers, manufacturers, distributors and retailers who have all participated in its production, delivery and sale.
It can therefore be very difficult to track a component of an end product back to a particular producer, for example cotton in a T-shirt back to a particular cotton farm.
What is Modern Slavery?
The United States government considers trafficking in persons to include all of the criminal conduct involved in forced labor and sex trafficking, essentially the conduct involved in reducing or holding someone in compelled service. Under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act as amended (TVPA) and consistent with the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol), individuals may be trafficking victims regardless of whether they once consented, participated in a crime as a direct result of being trafficked, were transported into the exploitative situation, or were simply born into a state of servitude.
Defn source : http://www.state.gov/j/tip/what/
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Article 1, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
Article 3, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms
Article 4, Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The inaugural edition of the Global Slavery Index 2013 provides a ranking of 162 countries around the world, based on a combined measure of three factors: estimated prevalence of modern slavery by population, a measure of child marriage, and a measure of human trafficking in and out of a country.
The Global Slavery Index provides a ranking, reflecting a combined weighted measure of three variables:
Slavery can broadly be described as the ownership, buying and selling of human beings. Slavery is one of the things that everyone agrees is unethical.
Why is slavery wrong?
Although slavery does seem 'obviously wrong' it's worth listing some of the reasons why it's wrong.
source : http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/slavery/ethics/intro_1.shtml
Kevin Bales is the co-founder of Free the Slaves, whose mission is to end all forms of human slavery within the next 25 years.
In this moving yet pragmatic talk, Kevin Bales explains the business of modern slavery, a multibillion-dollar economy that underpins some of the worst industries on earth. He shares stats and personal stories from his on-the-ground research -- and names the price of freeing every slave on earth right now.
Click on image to see particular article from CNN, hover to pause (from the CNN Freedom Project)
1) Slavery still exists today!
2) 27 million people are caught in some form of slavery.
3) New York City is a main trafficking hub. According to the U.S. Justice Department, New York is one of the top cities that traffickers use as a point of entry, as a transit location, and as a final destination for victims.
4) Anyone may become a victim. Trafficked persons can be rich or poor, men or women, adults or children, and foreign nationals or U.S. citizens.
5) No community is immune.
6) People are trafficked for many purposes.
7) It is the world’s fastest growing criminal enterprise.
8) Victims are lured in many different ways.
9) Traffickers include a wide range of criminal operators, including individual pimps, small families, loose-knit decentralized criminal networks, and international organized criminal syndicates.
Source : http://fightslaverynow.org/why-fight-there-are-27-million-reasons/human-trafficking-is-modern-day-slavery/the-invisible-crime-a-fact-sheet/
Nineteen-time Latin Grammy winners, Calle 13 hosts the documentary “Invisible Slaves”
Human trafficking - 21st century slavery: Faridoun Hemani on TED talks
Kerry Washington performs a speech by abolitionist and former slave, Sojourner Truth
Human rights organizations, as well as political and social ones, are condemning what they are calling a new form of inhumane exploitation in the United States
There are approximately 2 million inmates in state, federal and private prisons throughout the country.
They don’t have to worry about strikes or paying unemployment insurance, vacations or comp time. All of their workers are full-time, and never arrive late or are absent because of family problems; moreover, if they don’t like the pay of 25 cents an hour and refuse to work, they are locked up in isolation cells.