Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

IB Geography: Changing space - the shrinking world: ICT

A guide to resources on the shrinking world for your IB geography course, compiled by your librarians.


Describe the role of information and communications technology (ICT) in civil society and the transmission and flow of images, ideas, information and finance.

Information and Civil Societies

This short video, from Oxfam, introduces the importance of access to information as a human right and as a tool for social and political participation.

Open Street Map

OpenStreetMap is an open initiative to create and provide free geographic data such as street maps to anyone who wants them. It is a massive online collaboration, with hundreds of thousands of registered users worldwide. (Source:


  • How is an example of civil society?
  • How has been used to facilitate a flow of images, ideas and information to benefit the interenational response to the 2010 Haitian earthquake?

Other organisations using information sharing through the use of ICT

We are social

'Open Street Map' (discussed in the above box) is an example of a civil organisations that is based around the use of ICT.  There are many civil organisations around the world that are using ICT, here are just a few examples:

Role of ICT in Civil Societies

What is a civil society?

Civil societies include "mass organisations, trade unions, faith-based organisations, NGOs, academe, social movements and campaign networks". 

(Source: Nagle, G. & Cooke, B., 2011. Geography: course companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.)

ICT can be used by civil societies for many purposes.  They can reach people all around the globe and encourage them to take action in support of their activities and campaigns.

Why are ICTs important for Civil Society Organisations?

This document, from the United Nations, includes lots of information about ICT use by Civil Society Organisations as well as useful links to organisations that are using ICT.

In your text books...

Moore's Law

Moore's Law relates to the rapid rate of advancement in computer technology.

Find out more in the boxes below:

This video introduces Moore's Law:

Click on the image above to find more details about this diagram.

You can also find out more about Moore's Law here.

Top websites

Explore these sites to find the top websites both globally and in each country around the world.

A list of the current top 100 websites.

Results can be arranged globally, by country or by category.

Explore an interactive diagram showing the top 100 websites in 2010.