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IB Geography: Changing space - the shrinking world: Changes in transport - Roads and MRT

A guide to resources on the shrinking world for your IB geography course, compiled by your librarians.

Transport in Singapore

(Source: Wikipedia)

Singapore has a population of 5.3 million people living on a small island of just 660 sq km (BBC, 2013).

Singapore is one of the richest countries in the world (BBC, 2013) and depends on the success of business for its development.  The efficient movement of people and goods is of key importance to businesses.  Singapore recognises this and has many iniatives in place to ensure that the transport system is as effective as possible.

Find out more about transport in Singapore on this page.

Managing traffic congestion in Singapore

These two videos explain the importance of transport management in Singapore and some of the methods used.

This video begins by discussing the negative effects of poor transport management on people's lives and on business. It gives a clear explanation of the measures that have been put in place to manage car ownership and usage in Singapore and the effectiveness of each measure.

A short video about the use of Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) in Singapore.

The continuing development of Singapore's transport systems

Singapore's transport system is still being developed with the Government planning to have a much more extensive MRT system by 2030.  This map shows where the new lines will run:

(Source: Straits Times)

Find out more in this article from The Straits Times - More new MRT lines to be built by 2030.

The video below presents the plans for further development of the Singapore transport system.

Some of facts presented include the increase in the Singapore rail network from 178km in 2013 to 360km by 2030, 800 new buses and the extension of the cycle network to 700km.  Watch the video to find lots of other interesting facts about transport in Singapore.

Singapore's Land Transport Authority

The Land Transport Authority (LTA) is responsible for planning, operating, and maintaining Singapore’s land transport infrastructure and systems.

Find out more about the LTA, their projects, Singapore's public transport, roads and motoring etc.

Visualising transport in Singapore

Updated Multi-agent Transport Simulation (MATSim) of Singapore, version 2.2 from FCL on Vimeo.

This video shows the simulation output of an updated MATSim ( model for Singapore. The initial demand modeling is based on information shared by Land Transport Authority (LTA), Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) and Singapore Land Transport Authority (SLA).

The simulation covers both public and private transport and their interactions. The color of the arrows indicate the speed and type of vehicle. Purple arrows stand for public transport vehicles (dark purple for high speed, light purple for low speed) and green to red arrows for private vehicles with high to low.

Pieter Fourie is responsible for the demand modeling, Sergio Ordóñez took care of the network modeling, Michael van Eggermond collected the facilities data and Artem Chakirov tested the public transport simulation, all coordinated by Alex Erath.

We acknowledge LTA, URA and SLA for providing the underlying data and Senozon ( for the visualising software. The building footprints depicted in grey are under copyright by Singapore Land Authority (SLA).

Useful Articles

The following articles include useful information about transport in Singapore.