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KS3 Geography - Tectonic Hazards: Resources and Revision

A guide to tectonic hazards for your Year 9 course, compiled by your Librarians.

Senior Library collection

Nature's fury [videorecording]

Looks at the power and unpredictability of natural disasters : earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, and floods. Concentrates on the Loma Prieta earthquake, the preapredness level of Japan for an earthquake, Hurricane andrew, and the Mississippi floods of 1993. Looks at efforts to improve prediction of such natural events.

Volcano [videorecording] : nature's inferno

Travel around the world for a firsthand look at volcanoes, including Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines and Japan's Mount Unzen.

Volcano [kit]

Discover the power of volcanoes and earthquakes-- from hot spots to tsunamis.

Tsunami : killer wave [videorecording]

Summary : Since the end of World War II, tsunamis have killed more people in the United States than the very earthquakes that often trigger them. Amazing accounts of the deadly tsunamis that rocked the Hawaiian shores in 1946 and 1960. Explores how these massive waves form and why forecasting them remains as confounding for scientists as trying to predict the whims of nature.

Tsunami [videorecording] : killer wave

This documentary tells the story of the victims, their families and the volunteers helping them rebuild their lives after the Asian Tsunami disaster.

Natural Disasters

This series poses the questions children often ask about their world and then offers the science solutions that are interesting, approachable and well-taught. This book teaches about the natural disasters, from earthquakes, to tornadoes and floods and volcanoes using Q&A format, timelines, and "Try This" activities. Both highly visual and engaging, it will assist in the easy understanding of some complex concepts and processes.

Natural disasters

Natural Disasters details the most catastrophic events that have shocked the world since history began. These are events that people have no control over - the sheer power of monster waves, booming avalanches and raging bushfires. Discover how rescue teams operate, and how experts try to predict and prevent disaster.

Forces of Nature

Teaming up with The Weather Channel to answer ALL of your questions about weather- everything and how to survive! Forces of Nature will answer ALL of your questions about weather- everything from thunderous storms to earthquakes, blizzards, hurricanes, and more!

Plate Tectonics

Earth's crust and the theory of continental drift is explained through coordinating text and photographs.


Earth's surface is always changing. Landforms such as mountains, valleys, plains, and plateaus are made by natural forces. These natural forces, whether earthquakes, volcanoes, wind, or rain, wear down and reshape Earth's landforms over a period of time. Some landforms are only a few hours old, while others are a million years old.

Countdown to disaster : the world in danger!

The world is in danger! From gigantic eruptions to asteroid collisions natural disasters have the power to devastate life on Earth. Find out why these disasters occur, what effects they have on our surroundings and how likely each disaster is to strike again. Find out what we are doing to avoid disasters in the future, and how people are learning to live with the threat of an earthquake or volcano on their doorstep.

Surviving Natural Disasters

Ancient legends are full of heroes. But heroes also exist in real life. They may not fight dragons, but their challenges can be just as awesome. In Real Life Heroes, we look at true stories of courage and heroism in the face of persecution, disaster, addiction, and disease.

A Crack in the Edge of the World

The international bestselling author of The Professor and the Madman and Krakatoa vividly brings to life the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake that leveled a city symbolic of America's relentless western expansion. Simon Winchester has also fashioned an enthralling and informative informative look at the tumultuous subterranean world that produces earthquakes, the planet's most sudden and destructive force. In the early morning hours of April 18, 1906, San Francisco and a string of towns to its north-northwest and the south-southeast were overcome by an enormous shaking that was compounded by the violent shocks of an earthquake, registering 8.25 on the Richter scale. It was perhaps the worst natural disaster in the history of the United States. Simon Winchester brings his inimitable storytelling abilities -- as well as his unique understanding of geology -- to this extraordinary event, exploring not only what happened in northern California in 1906 but what we have learned since about the geological underpinnings that caused the earthquake in the first place. But his achievement is even greater: he positions the quake's significance along the earth's geological timeline and shows the effect it had on the rest of twentieth-century California and American history. 

Earthquakes Ian Graham

Describing how and why earthquakes occur, this text introduces geological science and the use of seismology to detect movement beneath the earth's surface. Topics include famous earthquakes of the past, the anatomy of a quake, the behaviour of tsunamis, and new techniques for detecting tremors with satellites.

Earthquakes and Tsunamis

Offering examples of beauty and danger this book will help readers experience and understand the full awesome power of nature and our Earth.


Summary : Opening with a thrilling description of the huge, fiery eruptions that helped form our planet, this fascinating guide to volcanoes provides scientific data and fascinating facts. Taking a fun and comprehensive approach, the chapters cover plate tectonics, super volcanoes, tsunamis, scientific methods for detection and prediction, case studies of real volcanoes past and present, and the effects of volcanoes on the environment.


TEACH YOURSELF VOLCANOES is a practical, comprehensive guide which will enable you to discover more about the mysteries behind volcanic activity. Extensively illustrated, TEACH YOURSELF VOLCANOES: Explains why volcanoes occur and how they erupt. Describes the various kinds of volcanoes on Earth and on other planetary bodies. 

Anatomy of a Volcanic Eruption

What causes a disaster? Go behind the scenes to investigate the science behind natural and man-made catastrophes. Amazing photographs, detailed diagrams, and step-by-step illustrations show how disasters happen, and explore what people are doing to prevent them.

Super Volcano

Despite growing evidence of geothermic activity under America's first and foremost national park, it took geologists a long time to realize that there was actually a volcano beneath Yellowstone. And then, why couldn't they find the caldera or crater? Because, as an aerial photograph finally revealed, the caldera is 45 miles wide, encompassing all of Yellowstone. What will happen, in human terms, when it erupts? Greg Breining explores the shocking answer to this question and others in a scientific yet accessible look at the enormous natural disaster brewing beneath the surface of the United States. Yellowstone is one of the world's five "super volcanoes." When it erupts, much of the nation will be hit hard.


Tsunamis explores the fearsome and unpredictable power of the sea. Discover how an underwater earthquake can trigger waves that wipe out coastlines, rear up over buildings and hurl ships into city streets. Case studies in the book include the swamping of Okushiri Island, Japan, the south-western coast of Peru, the collossal Indian Ocean disaster, and more.

Useful websites

Multiple choice questions to test your knowledge

Click to play the quiz in a new window!

Magazine in Senior Library

Geography review

This magazine is an invaluable resource which contains relevant, up to date case study information, examination advice and technique including model answers and coursework help.  

Current copy is on display under the stairs in the Interactive Zone and back copies can be found in the cupboard directly behind the current issue or can be accessed through our Online Archive. You can get the login name and password via our password service

For more information, access the Philip Allan Online Magazines libguide.

Revision summary

   Remember the important summaries:

( mouse over to view each box content and click topic to view details)

  • Tectonic Plates

    1. The Earth's crust is made up of seven principal tectonic plates and numerous other smaller plates.
    2. The plates move due to convection currents in the mantle.
    3. There are two different types of plate: oceanic (dense, thin) and continental (light but thick)
  • Plate Boundaries

    1. Convergent (destructive) plate boundaries cause violent volcanoes and earthquakes, as well as deep-ocean trenches and fold mountains.
    2. Volcanoes and earthquakes do occur on divergent (constructive) plate boundaries. They also cause mid-ocean ridges to form.
    3. The main effects of a transform (conservative) plate boundary are earthquakes, which can be fairly violent and frequent.
    4. At collision plate boundaries the two plates push into each other forcing material to be folded up into huge mountain ranges.
  • Earthquakes

    1. Earthquakes occur along faults, caused by the sudden jerking movements of the fault, either laterally or vertically.
    2. Earthquakes are measured in two ways: The Richter Scale and the Mercalli Scale
    3. The point at which an earthquake actually begins, deep below the earth's surface is called the focus.
    4. The point directly above the focus, on the earth's surface, is called the epicentre.
    5. The effects of an earthquake are described as being primary or secondary.

    Examples: Kobe (Japan); Izmit (Turkey).

  • Volcanoes

    1. Volcanoes are formed along two types of plate boundary: destructive and constructive boundaries.
    2. There are three main volcanic cones: acid lava cones, composite cones and basic lava cones.

    Examples: Mt. St. Helens (USA) & Mt. Pinatubo (Phillipines)

  • The Impact of Tectonic Hazards

    Tectonic hazards will affect More Economically Developed Countries (MEDC's) in a differing way to those which occur in Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDC's).