AFFICHES LACERES (a-fisn lah-ser-ay') Found paper collage
ASSEMBLAGE (ah-se m-blah'j) Combination of three-dimensional objects glued to a surface
BRICOLAGE (bree-col-ah'j) Combining odds and ends in collage
BRULAGE (brew-lah'j) Burning of dampened collage materials
COLLAGE (ko-lah'j) Pasting or gluing papers or objects onto a surface
DECALCOMANIE (day-kal-k6-mahn-ee) Placing wet paint between two surfaces and pulling apart
DECHIRAGE (day-shur-ah'j) Distressed paper collage
DECOLLAGE (day-ko-lah'j) Removing, un-gluing or otherwise subtractingmaterial from the layers of a collage
DECOUPAGE (day-koop-ah'j) Cut paper collage
FEMMAGE (fahm-ah'j) Collage art and traditional craft done by women, frequently fabric-oriented
FROISSAGE (fwahs-ajh') Crumpling or creasing of collage materials
FROTTAGE (frot-ah'j) Rubbing a design onto collage materials from a textured surface
FUMAGE (foom-ah'j) Exposing dampened collage materials or surface to candle smoke
LAYERING (lay-r-ing) Building and removing layers of collage materials; a philosophy of connecting spiritual energies with art
MIXED MEDIA COLLAGE Any combination of media with. collage
PAPIERS COLLES (pah-peecay ko-lay)Pasted papers
PHOTOMONTAGE: 'Collage of glued photographs or Cut out photos
The term collage derives from the French "coller" meaning "glue”. This term was coined by both Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso in the beginning of the 20th century when collage became a distinctive part of modern art.
A collage may sometimes include newspaper clippings, ribbons, bits of colored or hand-made papers, portions of other artwork or texts, photographs and other found objects, glued to a piece of paper or canvas.
· Plan your composition thinking about the formal qualities of scale, balance, colour etc….
· What paper sort would be best to work on? Should it be heavy weight paper? Should it be coloured? Could it be an image/ setting that you will then work on top/ add to?
· What size should the paper be? Collage, when done well can be a very lengthy process. Working on a small scale usually works very successfully.
· Make an important decision about whether you are going to incorporate just images into the work or are you going to add text as well? Could you combine text with image in a clever way?
· Decide where you are going to gather your images/ text? Magazines? newspapers/ old photos?...
· Be very accurate with your cutting. A good collage will appear seamless. If you want a crisp straight line, use the guillotine, if you want small circles, use a hole punch etc.
· What glue should you use? Glue stick will work on light weight paper, but PVA will be better for heavy weight paper sorts. If you are using more bulky materials ask your teacher to suggest a suitable adhesive