Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Year 9 - Identity: Collage Techniques

A guide to resources on identity in art, compiled by your librarians. Last updated December 2018.

Collage Terms


AFFICHES LACERES (a-fisn lah-ser-ay') Found paper collage 

ASSEMBLAGE (ah-se m-blah'j) Combination of three-dimensional objects glued to a surface

BRICOLAGE (bree-col-ah'j) Combining odds and ends in collage 

BRULAGE (brew-lah'j) Burning of dampened collage materials 

COLLAGE (ko-lah'j) Pasting or gluing papers or objects onto a surface 

DECALCOMANIE (day-kal-k6-mahn-ee) Placing wet paint between two surfaces and pulling apart

DECHIRAGE (day-shur-ah'j) Distressed paper collage

DECOLLAGE (day-ko-lah'j) Removing, un-gluing or otherwise subtractingmaterial from the layers of a collage

DECOUPAGE (day-koop-ah'j) Cut paper collage

FEMMAGE (fahm-ah'j) Collage art and traditional craft done by women, frequently fabric-oriented

FROISSAGE (fwahs-ajh') Crumpling or creasing of collage materials 

FROTTAGE (frot-ah'j) Rubbing a design onto collage materials from a textured surface

FUMAGE (foom-ah'j) Exposing dampened collage materials or surface to candle smoke

LAYERING (lay-r-ing) Building and removing layers of collage materials; a philosophy of connecting spiritual energies with art 

MIXED MEDIA COLLAGE Any combination of media with. collage

PAPIERS COLLES (pah-peecay ko-lay)Pasted papers ­

PHOTOMONTAGE: 'Collage of glued photographs or Cut out photos 

Collage Techniques

The term collage derives from the French "coller" meaning "glue”. This term was coined by both Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso in the beginning of the 20th century when collage became a distinctive part of modern art.

A collage may sometimes include newspaper clippings, ribbons, bits of colored or hand-made papers, portions of other artwork or texts, photographs and other found objects, glued to a piece of paper or canvas.

Some thoughts before you make your own collage

hannah hoch collage

· Plan your composition thinking about  the formal qualities of  scale, balance, colour etc…. 

· What paper sort would be best to work on? Should it be heavy weight paper? Should it be coloured? Could it be an image/ setting  that you will then work on top/ add to? 


· What size should the paper be? Collage, when done well can be a very lengthy process. Working on a small scale usually works very successfully.


· Make an important decision about whether you are going to incorporate just images into the work or are you going to add text as well? Could you combine text with image in a clever way?


· Decide where you are going to gather your images/ text? Magazines? newspapers/ old photos?...


· Be very accurate with your cutting. A good collage will appear seamless. If you want a crisp straight line, use the guillotine, if you want small circles, use a hole punch etc.


· What glue should you use? Glue stick will work on light weight paper, but PVA will be better for heavy weight paper sorts. If you are using more bulky materials ask your teacher to suggest a suitable  adhesive