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Robert Rauschenberg (1925–2008)
Robert Rauschenberg has worked with a wide range of media including painting, photography, sculpture, performance, and printmaking. He was born Milton Ernest Rauschenberg in Port Arthur, Texas, in 1925, He briefly attended the University of Texas at Austin to study pharmacology before being drafted into the United States Navy in 1943. Following his war service he enrolled at a series of Art colleges in the USA and Paris.
In 1952 /1953 he travelled in Europe and North Africa and worked on a series of small collages, hanging assemblages, and small boxes filled with found elements. He began to develop his own style by creating collage using unusual materials and techniques. Rauschenberg was fascinated with popular imagery and he used images of current events gathered from magazines and newspapers for his collage work too.
Robert Rauschenberg was a painter, sculptor, printmaker, choreographer, performer and occasionally composer, as well as a key figure in the transition from Abstract Expressionismto later movements.
Rob Rauschenberg Foundation
Rauschenberg's artistic vocabulary—including sequences and progressions through time; grid formats; doublings, mirrorings, and reversals; contrapuntal shifts between building up and stripping away; and a sense of human scale—was established within the first four years of his career.
MoMA pages of Rob Rauschenberg
While too much of an individualist ever to be fully a part of any movement, he acted as an important bridge between Abstract Expressionism and Pop art and can be credited as one of the major influences in the return to favour of representational art in the USA.
Rauschenberg's Epic Vision
The word that best defines Robert Rauschenberg’s achievements as a painter, printmaker, photographer, sculptor, theater designer, performance artist, and technologist is “epic"
Watch this short video of Rauschenberg's work