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KS3 Geography - Raging Rivers: Major Rivers

A look at rivers of the world and the causes and consequences of flooding in rivers.


Nile River, Arabic Baḥr Al-Nīl or Nahr Al-Nīl,  
river, the father of African rivers and the longest river in the world. It rises south of the Equator and flows northward through northeastern Africa to drain into the Mediterranean Sea. It has a length of about 4,132 miles (6,650 kilometres).

The Nile River basin, which covers about one-tenth of the area of the African continent, served as the stage for the evolution and decay of advanced civilizations in the ancient world. 


Mekong River, Cambodian Mékôngk, Laotian Mènam Khong, Thai Mae Nam Khong, Vietnamese Sông Tiên Giang, Chinese (Pinyin) Lancang Jiang or (Wade-Giles) Lan-ts’ang Chiang,  longest river in Southeast Asia, the 7th longest in Asia, and the 12th longest in the world.

source: Britannical Encyclopedia

Which is longer ? Nile or Amazon ??

Geographers long agreed that, while the Amazon might be the world’s largest river by volume, the longest was likely the Nile. In 2007, however, the BBC reported that a team of Brazilian researchers challenged that long-held belief.  

What did they find out?

Click on image to read the details!!


Yangtze river - Britannica Encyclopedia
Yangtze River, Chinese (Pinyin) Chang Jiang or (Wade-Giles romanization) Ch’ang Chiang longest river in both China and Asia and the third longest river in the world, with a length of 3,915 miles (6,300 kilometres).
 From its source on the Plateau of Tibet to its mouth on the East China Sea, the river traverses or serves as the border between 10 provinces or regions. More than three-fourths of the river’s course runs through mountains. 

Civilizations around rivers

Agriculture--The Basis of Civilization - The single, decisive factor that made it possible for mankind to settle in permanent communities was agriculture. After farming was developed in the Middle East in about 6500 BC, people living in tribes or family units did not have to be on the move continually searching for food or herding their animals. Rivers also provided a means of transport. 

Mesopotamia (from a Greek term meaning "between rivers") lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, a region that is part of modern Iraq.
Egyptian farmers had settled in the long and narrow valley of the Nile River by 5000 BC. Within 2,000 years they had invented writing, built massive irrigation works, and established a culture that bequeathed the pyramids and other magnificent monuments to posterity
The valley of the Indus River is considered to be the birthplace of Indian civilization. Located on the Indian subcontinent in modern Pakistan, the Indus civilization was not discovered by archaeologists until 1924. The ancient history of this region is obscured by legend.
The Chinese had settled in the Huang He, or Yellow River, valley of northern China by 3000 BC. By then they had pottery, wheels, farms, and silk.

See source


The Amazon River basin is about 4,195 miles long, covering about 2,720,000 square miles in area, including its 15,000 tributaries and subtributaries (four of which are in excess of 1,000 miles long). It is the largest river basin in the world. More Amazon facts at Smithsonian Amazonia

Follow Bruce Parry's amazing journey on the Amazon by clicking on this image (use interactive journey map, watch videos)


Click on image to read from Encyclopedia Britannica

The Rhine River begins at the Rheinwaldhorn Glacier in the Swiss Alps and flows north and east approximately 820 metres. This river is arguably the most important waterway in Germany  and is linked by canals to other major rivers in Western Europe. Many German manufacturing and industrial cities are located along the Rhine. 


The Ganges (also Ganga ) is a major river in the Indian subcontinent flowing east through the eponymous plains of northern India into Bangladesh. The 2,510 km (1,557 mi) long river begins at the Gangotri Glacier in the Indian state of Uttarakhand in the central Himalayas and drains into the Bay of Bengal through its vast delta in the Sunderbans.