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KS3 Geography - Cool Antarctica: Human Antarctica

A guide to information resources on Antarctica for your year 8 Geography topic, compiled by your Librarians.

Human Antarctica

Ice Core Research in Antarctica

Settle in Antarctica?

Why dont more people live on Antarctica? 

Living on Halley Station

This article was written by Agnieszka Fryckowska, Meteorologist and Halley Winter Base Commander at Halley Station in Antarctica. This gives readers a window into life in Antarctica.

Did you know?

  • In the Antarctic, most of the food people eat goes directly to generating heat.
  • The colder it gets outside the body, the more food people need.
  • Humans are so ill equipped for intense cold that they soon reach a state where they cannot stay warm no matter how much they eat.
  • Stripped naked at 32°F, humans die of lowered core temperature in as little as 20 minutes.
  • Traveling in the Antarctic requires that humans eat high energy or calorie-rich food and wear specially insulated clothing

Clothing guide for Antarctica

Video on Clothing for Antarctica

Life on the Ice

Do you think life on Antarctica would be a like a ski Holiday? 

click on image to read article

'Psychologists categorize Antarctic research stations as isolated, confined environments (ICE, appropriately).' So begins an article from the Stanford University Humanities Lab.

In the 1960s, psychologists hired by the U.S. Navy analyzed evaluations of over 1,000 people who had wintered over in order to create a system to screen candidates before going to Antarctica. They determined that the most important factors for effective performance in the Antarctic are industriousness, emotional stability, and sociability.

Last days of Sun - Flag Lowering


Flag Raising after Dark months


Early Expeditions to the South

Captain Robert Falcon Scott had already been to Antarctica prior to his ill-fatedTerra Nova expedition (1910-13). He commanded the Government-funded Discoveryexpedition (1901-4), which undertook significant scientific work. It was also the first British expedition to make an attempt to reach the Pole. Read more HERE

image source :

Captain Scott

Vintage Photos of the Polar Exploration. Click on image to view a whole gallery of shots 

Living on Antarctica

British Antarctic Survey (BAS) has a long and distinguished history of carrying out research and surveys in the Antarctic and surrounding regions, undertaking most of the British research on the frozen continent.

Working in the Antarctic is not an everyday experience. Quite simply, you are working and living in a station on one of the most dramatic continents on earth. Click on image to learn more

Photo of the day - 21 Feb. 2012

A job in Antarctica

Each year the United States sends about 650 people to Antarctic to perform scientific research and about 2,500 people to operate and maintain year-round research stations and provide logistics in support of this research. source


Interactive Timeline and Videos of Antarctic Exploration

Click on image to see a timeline of Antarctic exploration

Antarctic Heritage and Conservation

In the early years of the last century, Antarctica was the last great goal for explorers, who raced each other to be the first to reach the South Pole. Their legacy remains to this day in the form of the pre-fabricated huts used as bases for their journeys, and the possessions they left behind in them.

Watch the video, introduced by Sir David Attenborough, about Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s hut at Cape Evans. Seemingly frozen in time since 1912, it offers a tangible reminder of the endeavours of the intrepid explorers who lived there. 

Life on Antarctica

Click on this image to access Australian Antarctic Division's online teaching resource, targeted for young children

Why live in Antarctica?

How would you like to re-locate to Antarctica?

From Singapore to Antarctica? Look up a list of 'available jobs' posted on the British Antarctic Survey website!!

Click to view a video of British Antarctic Survey

Ellsworth Lake

In December 2012 a ten-person team of scientists, engineers and camp managers will make the long journey from the UK to live and work for approximately eight weeks in this extreme environment. It’s a complex business to transport tonnes of highly specialised equipment to the site

click to see larger image

Lake Ellsworth, locked deep in the ice for hundreds of thousands of years is the ideal candidate for exploring the unknown world beneath. Science teams expect to find life forms that are adapted to living in its unique and isolated environment. 

Books in the Senior Library

The following books include information about humans who live in Antarctic and how they deal with the harsh conditions: