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KS3 Drama - The Ramayana: Characters

Find resources on Ramayana, an ancient epic, compiled by your librarians.

Who is Ram?

A prince and a king, an incarnation of the god Vishnu. He is cited as an example of a humane, just and noble prince / king, a devoted son and brother. Often referred to as 'Sri Ram' 

What did he do? 

He destroyed the demon Ravana, king of Lanka

His weapon ? 

Bow and arrow

The characteristics of Ram

1) Being Dutiful 
2) Bravery
3) Kindness
4) Justice
5) Obedience
6) Intelligence
7) Patience
8) Universal Love
9) Popularity

Sita

Sita is Rama's wife and daughter of King Janaka of Mithila. Sita is the epitome of womanly purity and virtue.

Sita grew up and played in the palace of King Janaka. She became well known for her beauty as well as her devotion. She could often be seen absorbed in the Deity of the Lord of the Surya-vamsa. She would when on her own, sometimes lovingly enact the pastimes of the various forms of the Lord and relish His pastimes. In this way she revealed to those close to her that she was no ordinary young girl.

Her fame like her beauty became well known, and soon it was time for her to be betrothed and then married. As with kshatriya kings of those days Janakaraj organised that all the worthy kings and princes would come, there would be a challenge for her hand, and the victor would become her husband.

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Bharata

Bharata is the second son of Dasaratha. When he learns that his mother Kaikeyi had forced Rama into exile, causing Dasaratha to die broken hearted, he storms out of the palace and goes in search of Rama. When Rama refuses to return from his exile to assume the throne, Bharata obtains Rama's sandals and places them on the throne as a gesture that Rama is the true king.

Dasaratha, Kaikeyi

Dasaratha is the King of Ayodhya, Rama's father.

Kausalya is Rama's mother, Dasaratha's chief wife.

Kaikeyi is Dasaratha's wife and Rama's stepmother. She demands that Rama be banished to the forest and that her son Bharata be awarded the kingdom instead.

Rama - King of Men


Ramayana shows the perfection of the prince who became king. He was known as Rama or Ramachandra. Rama epitomized the values of his culture, and is  revered as a god. He is the standard bearer for the values of a ruler, a husband and a brother.

Rama is the hero of the Ramayana epic, an incarnation of the God Vishnu. The eldest and favourite son of Dasaratha, King of Ayodhya, he is a virtuous prince and is much loved by the people. He is exiled from Ayodhya due to the plotting of his stepmother, Kaikeyi. 

In the original Valmiki Ramayana, Valmiki wrote that Rama was more than an ideal human being, Rama is presented as basically a human hero, a principled human.

Hanuman

Hanuman is the wise and resourceful monkey who helps Rama in his quest to defeat Ravana and rescue Sita. Hanuman's devotion to Rama is legendary. 

Hanuman is considered to be the greatest devotee ever born on earth. He is one of the main characters of the epic Ramayana, who played a crucial role in the liberation of Sita and the destruction of Ravana. read more....

Sugriva is the ruler of the monkey kingdom. His throne was taken by his brother Bali, but Rama helps him to defeat the usurper in return for his assistance in finding Sita.

Click on image to read more about Hanuman

Play the Ravana game

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Lakshmana

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Lakhsmana is Rama's younger brother. Completely loyal to Rama, he chooses to go with Rama and Sita when they are exiled from Ayodhya. 

Lakhsmana symbolizes the ideal of sacrifice. He leaves his young wife behind in the palace and chooses to accompany his brother (Rama) in exile. He sacrifices the amenities of his personal life to serve his elder brother.

Ravana

Ravana is the king of Lanka and has 10 heads and 20 arms. He received a boon from the God Brahma that he cannot be killed by gods, demons or by spirits. After receiving his reward from Brahma, Ravana began to lay waste to the earth and disturbed the deeds of the good Hindu sages. Vishnu incarnated as the human Rama to defeat him, thus circumventing the boon given by Brahma.

Ravan was the mightiest king on the earth in his time. He was a very learned and accomplished person. He was well- versed in Vedas, and other scriptures. His bravery, courage, and expertise in the use of all types of instruments of war (like bow and arrow, mace, sword) was acknowledged by everyone. Read more

Lav and Kush

Lav and Kush were the twin sons of Ram and Sita.

 Ram, hearing of the suspicions of his people, asks Lakshman to take the pregnant Sita into the forest and abandon her there. Sita, left alone in the forest, is found by the sage Valmiki, who gives her shelter. There, in Valmiki's ashram, Sita gives birth to Ram's sons, the twins Lav and Kush.

Valmiki is credited with composing the Ramayana, the story of Ram's life. It is said that he taught the Ramayana to Lav and Kush, and it was the twins who first sang of the glory of Ram, and brought the Ramayana to the people. 

Read HERE how the twins met their father Rama.