(ISNS) -- The Summer Olympic Games enjoys a long tradition of spectacular technical aids which have significantly improved athletes' achievements, from sprinters' starting blocks to composite fibers in badminton rackets.
"It's hard to imagine any sport hasn't been touched dramatically by technology," said
Janice Forsyth, director of the International Centre for Olympic Studies at the University of Western Ontario, in London, Canada.
Individuals have employed numerous illegal forms of technological assistance, from using performance-enhancing drugs, storing and re-injecting athletes' blood, to adjusting the electronic sensor in a fencing sword to record hits when none were made.
But in many cases, the Olympic movement has welcomed technical changes that have arguably improved the Games.