There's no denying that diamonds are a traditional symbol of romance and love. Why, a man needs a diamond ring to ask the woman of his dream to marry him, right? But was it always that way? Did you know that someone worked very, very hard to make diamond rings de rigueur in marriage proposals? Or that diamonds aren't actually very rare at all?
10 Facts About Diamonds You Should Know:
The word Diamond comes from the Greek word Adamas, which means indestructible. It is the only gem known to man that is made of a single element, Carbon, besides graphite. Diamond is completely made of Carbon atoms (Chemical Composition - C) crystallized in a cubic (isometric) arrangement.
Diamonds form between 120-200 kilometers or 75-120 miles below the earth's surface. According to geologists the first delivery of diamonds was somewhere around 2.5 billion years ago and the most recent was 45 million years ago. According to science, the carbon that makes diamonds comes from the melting of pre-existing rocks in the Earth's upper mantle. There is an abundance of carbon atoms in the mantle.
Temperature changes in the upper mantle forces the carbon atoms to go deeper where it melts and finally becomes new rock, when the temperature reduces. If other conditions like pressure and chemistry are right then the carbon atoms in the melting crystal rock bond to build diamond crystals.
HISTORY OF DIAMONDS
The Greek word "Adamas" meaning unconquerable and indestructible is the root word of diamond. Diamonds in history have been sought the world over, fought over, worshipped and used to cast love spells.
Until the 15thCentury only Kings wore diamonds as a symbol of strength, courage and invincibility. Over the centuries, the history of diamonds acquired unique status as the ultimate gift of love. It was said that cupids' arrows were tipped with diamonds that have a magic that nothing else can equal. Read more...
(Source of video: youtube)
The Diamond Manufacturing Process
Stage 1 - Mining the Diamond Rough
Stage 2 - Rough Reaches the Market
Stage 3 - Diamond Manufacturing
Stage 4 - The Final Journey